Google Doodle Maria Gaetana Agnesi's 296th birtday
The mathematical curve named after her is achieved by drawing a line from the source through the circle of radius.
Maria Gaetana Agnesi
Its real-life uses were only fully recognised in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, by physicists and mathematicians working with x-rays, optical lines, and electrical circuits.
Gaetana Agnesi, born on 16 May 1718, to a wealthy and literate Milanese silk merchant, Agnesi was recognised as a child prodigy and became interested in mathematics and several modern languages, as well as Latin, Greek, Hebrew.
At an early age she composed and delivered an hour-long speech in Latin to some of the most distinguished intellectuals of the time on the subject of women’s right to be educated. Wow ! That's interesting if we think she live in the 18th century.
She is believed to be the first woman in the west to gain recognition as a mathematician, at a time when most Europeans did not see the value of education for women.
Agnesi best-known work, Instituzioni analitiche ad uso della gioventù italiana, or the Analytical Institutions for the Use of Italian Youth, explored algebra and analysis (two volumes). In it she discusses the algebraic curve, now known as the witch of Agnesi.