Tuesday, January 30, 2018

Science : Super Blue Moon & Lunar eclipse ? Wow ! Let's talk !

The Blue Moon – second of two full moons in one calendar month – will pass through the Earth’s shadow on January 31, 2018, to give us a total lunar eclipse. 

The last time that we had a Blue Moon total lunar eclipse, reckoning in world time (UTC, or GMT), was December 30, 1982.

No, this time I will not sing Blue Moon! But the song is on my mind while I'm writing about the moon-blue.

credits: Astronomy Ohio 

Totality, when the moon will be entirely inside the Earth’s dark umbral shadow, will last a bit more than one-and-a-quarter hours. 

The January 31 2018 much of the world will have the opportunity to observe a Blue Moon: A somewhat rare occurrence that doesn't have anything to do with the moon's color.

Full moon is also the third in a series of three straight full moon supermoons – that is, super-close full moons. 

credits: EarthSky

It’s the first of two Blue Moons in 2018. So it’s not just a total lunar eclipse, or a Blue Moon, or a supermoon. It’s all three … a super Blue Moon total eclipse!

It’s not just a total lunar eclipse, or a Blue Moon, or a super moon. It’s all three! A super Blue Moon total eclipse!

A lunar trio will be visible in the sky tomorrow before dawn:
🌕Supermoon – When the Moon is at/near its closest point to Earth 🔵Blue Moon – The 2nd full moon in a month đź”´Blood Moon – The red tint Earth’s shadow casts on the Moon during a lunar eclipse


Is it the first Blue Moon total eclipse in 150 years, as some social media memes are now claiming? Yes, it is, if you’re not considering the whole world, but only the Americas. 

credits: Eclipse computer 

It’s a Blue Moon by the monthly definition of the term: the second of two full moons to fall within a single calendar month. The first Blue Moon comes on January 31, 2018, and the second on March 31, 2018.

The full moon happens at the same instant worldwide, the hour differs by time zone.

credits: NASA

Who can watch?

Visible in the USA and India, this blue moon total eclipse will be entirely observed  in French Polynesia, Nouvelle-CalĂ©donie and La RĂ©union,
In Europe, Africa and a large part in South America in the morning.

credits: NASA 
This NASA chart shows the lunar eclipse times for the US

Why Blue Moon?

For the longest time nobody knew exactly why the second full Moon of a calendar month was designated as a Blue Moon
One explanation connects it with the word belewe from the Old English, meaning, “to betray.” Perhaps, then, the Moon was “belewe” because it betrayed the usual perception of one full Moon per month.
However, in March 1999 issue of Sky & Telescope magazine, Phillip Hiscock revealed one somewhat confusing origin of this term. 
It seems that the modern custom of naming the second full Moon of a month “blue,” came from an article published in March 1946 Sky & Telescope magazine. 
The article was “Once in a Blue Moon,” written by James Hugh Pruett. In this article, Pruett interpreted what he read in a publication known as the Maine Farmers’ Almanac, and declared that a second full Moon in a calendar month is a “Blue Moon.” 

in Farmer's Almanac

The Harvest Moon
artist: George Hemming Mason, 1872

So, the Jan. 31 full moon is special for three reasons: it’s the third in a series of “supermoons,” when the Moon is closer to Earth in its orbit - known as perigee -- and about 14 % brighter than usual. 

It’s also the second full moon of the month, commonly known as a “blue moon.” If you live in North America, Alaska, or Hawaii, a lunar eclipse will be visible before sunrise on Jan. 31. 

For those in the Middle East, Asia, eastern Russia, Australia and New Zealand, the “super blue blood moon” can be seen during moon rise in the morning on the 31st.

If your local weather is calling for clouds this morning, you can still see the super blue blood moon. 

NASA TV's live feed will probably be your best chance to see it live if there's bad viewing weather in your location. 

The Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles is also doing a live feed at the lunar eclipse.

Oh, my ! It should offer some pretty photo opportunities for sky watchers. Ask students to take some photos if they are lucky or do small videos (some seconds) with their smartphones and tablets to explore in Science classroom next tomorrow or during the week.

Remember! No matter what has come in or out of our lives in the past few years, once in a while we are given the chance to have everything we’ve always wanted. We just have to make the choice now to not let it go. Because certain chances only come around once in a blue moon.

Hope you will enjoy the beauty of this awesome scientific event. And of course with an open mind to the magic of the moment not only in the sky, also into our life.

I could not resist. Here I am singing Blue Moon by Chris Isaak!

Blue moon!
Blue moon you saw me standing alone
Without a dream in my heart
Without a love of my own
Blue moon, you knew just what I was there for
You heard me saying a prayer for 
Someone I really could care for
And then there suddenly appeared before me
The only one my arms will ever hold.

Lyrics Hart, Lorenz / Rodgers, Richard

NASA/ EarthSky/ Farmer's Almanac
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Thursday, January 25, 2018

Literature : Virginia Woolf, the modern feminist novelist : Resources

Virginia Wolf
credits: George Charles Beresford, August 1902

“I see children running in the garden…The sound of the sea at night… almost forty years of life, all built on that, permeated by that: so much I could never explain."

Virginia Wolf, childhood memories

Virginia Woolf, the English author was a pioneer in the use of powerful stream-of-consciousness narratives approach, harnessing a poetic vision that elevated sometimes mundane settings while examining the complex interior lives of her characters. 

unique literary style that established Woolf as one of modern feminism’s most influential voices.

Virginia Woolf's legacy has endured well beyond her tragic death, with the author's importance coming to the fore with the rise of the feminist movement in the 1970s.

Mrs. Dalloway
Virginia Wolf
London: Hogarth Press, 1925

“Books are the mirrors of the soul.” 

Virginia WoolfBetween the Acts

Woolf’s lyrical writing thrived on the introspection of her characters, revealing the complex emotions underlying seemingly mundane events — how the ringing of the Big Ben evokes the passage of time in Mrs. Dalloway (1925) or a family’s visit to the coast hides deep-seated tensions in To the Lighthouse (1927).   
Wolf is revealed for her lyrical writing thrived on the introspection of her characters: Mrs. Dalloway (1925), To The Lighthouse (1927), Orlando A Biography (1928) and A Room of One's Own (1929). 

She is credited with popularising the stream-of-consciousness style of prose, giving the English novel a bold, new voice and pushing it beyond the tried-and-tested narrative structures of the Victorian era into fresh and experimental new territory.

Google doodle Virginia Woolf’s 136th birthday


To celebrate one of the 20th century's foremost novelists, Google dedicated its Doodle on Thursday to Virginia Woolf on the 136th anniversary of her birth.

Created by London-based illustrator Louise Pomeroy, today’s Doodle celebrates Woolf’s minimalist style: her iconic profile surrounded by the falling autumn leaves (a frequent visual theme in her work). 

In Woolf’s words: “The autumn trees gleam in the yellow moonlight, in the light of harvest moons, the light which mellows the energy of labor, and smooths the stubble, and brings the wave lapping blue to the shore.”

Virginia Wolf
credits: Getty Images
  • Some biographic notes:
Born in London in 1882, Virginia Woolf (Adeline Virginia Stephen) was home schooled in the English classics and Victorian literature for much of her childhood. She began writing professionally in 1900, becoming a significant member of London's literary society and the Bloomsbury Group, a collective of prominent contemporary intellectuals and artists.

She began writing at an early age, having her first piece published in December 1904, and writing for the Times Literary Supplement from the following year.

To the Lighthouse
Virginia Woolf, 1927
While Woolf grew up surrounded by the London literary scene, it was her childhood memories of visiting the Cornish coast that inspired the settings of the English author's most powerful narratives, including "To the Lighthouse" (1927).

Along with her husband, Leonard Woolf, whom she married in 1912, she became part of the influential group of writers known as the Bloomsbury Group prominent in London during the early 20th century.

Virginia Woolf's suicide letter to her husband

After completing the manuscript of her last novel (posthumously published), Between the Acts, Woolf fell into a depression throughout her life and killed herself in 1941, March 28, at the height of the Blitz, wading into the River Ouse in Sussex with stones lining her pockets to ensure she drowned.

A Room of One’s Own
Virginia Woolf

Novelist, essayist, biographer and critic, Virginia Wolf inspired the play Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf by Edward Ablee (1962), later adapted to a movie by Mike Nichols (1966) great performances by Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton.

Who's Afraid of Virginia Wolf
play by Edward Ablee, 1962

She's also well known for her non-fiction, particularly the book-length essays A Room of One's Own (1929) and Three Guineas (1938). These non-fiction works showcase Woolf’s unflinching feminist perspective by documenting the gendered intellectual stratification and resulting male-dominated power dynamics of the period.

A Room of One’s Own
Virginia Woolf

it was her extended essay A Room of One’s Own (1929) that established her status as one of the most influential voices of feminism. In it, she examined the educational, social and financial disadvantages women have faced throughout history, arguing that: 

" a woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction."

The Voyage Out
Virginia Woolf, 1915

Woolf's first novel, The Voyage Out, was published in 1915, and her subsequent writings established her as one of the leading novelists and essayists of her time.
Virginia Woolf also wrote pioneering essays on artistic theory, literary history, women’s writing, and the politics of power. 

She would later be revived as a feminist icon, however, celebrated for her independent example and famous for her dictum : 
"A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction."

Virginia Woolf portraits
Duncan Grant’s 1911 portrait /Vanessa Bell’s of 1912
  • Education:

Growing up is losing some illusions, in order to acquire others.” 

Virginia Woolf 

My readers know I've a master in Literature and Linguistic. So every time I can, I write about Literature. The love of books inspires me all the time. Great novelists and poets are my passion. I read so many books. 

Virginia Woolf
photograph: Gisele Freund, 1936

Of course, Virginia Woolf is a novelist included into college studies in Literature. And some texts into high school curricula. Wolf was one of my favorite authors in college.

But there are some books and excerpts of her famous novels that we can include into high school curriculum. 

Choosing some books by Virginia Woolf, the British modernist, you can teach students how to understand Narration: description, characters, for example.

I would choose : Mrs. DallowayThe Voyage Out; Kew Gardens (short story); To the Lighthouse (excerpts) containing childhood emotions.

"Woolf is widely regarded as one of Britain's greatest novelists, whose influence on the literary world continues to be felt to this very day."

Virginia Woolf
Time Magazine
April 12, 1937


  • Today, thanks to the BBC, we can still hear Virginia Woolf's voice:

Part of a BBC radio broadcast from 1937. Among other things, she discusses the process of writing, the difficulties of finding words for new experiences, and the question of where the meaning of words reside.

British Library : Virginia Wolf

  • Film: Mrs. Dalloway

Mrs Dalloway, film by Marleen Gorris (1997) based on the novel by Virginia Wolf, wonderful performed by Oscar winner actress Vanessa Redgrave

Mrs. Dalloway
Marleen Gorris, 1997

In 1923 London, socialite Clarissa Dalloway's (Vanessa Redgrave) well-planned party is overshadowed by the return of an old suitor she had known thirty-three years earlier.

  • Notebook:

Notebook drafts of Mrs. Dalloway
Virginia Woolf
credits: The British Library

Virginia Wolf: video below

Ted Ed : Why should you read Virginia Woolf ? watch below

  • Bloomsbury University: Teaching Resources containing a great numbers of resources for teachers.

"Fiction is like a spider's web, attached ever so lightly perhaps, but still attached to life at all four corners." 

Virginia Woof, A Room of One's Own


update: 25.01.2022
Copyright © 2022G-Souto'sBlog, gsouto-digitalteacher.blogspot.com®

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Literature : Virginia Woolf, the modern feminist novelist : resources bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Wednesday, January 10, 2018

Éducation : Prix Non au harcèlement ! Outils étudiants & enseignants ! !

"Les violences rĂ©pĂ©tĂ©es, qu’elles soient verbales, physiques ou psychologiques, dans la cour ou sur internet, dans les couloirs ou Ă  la cantine, sur le chemin de l’Ă©cole sont inacceptables"

Jean-Michel Blanquer, ministre de l'Ă©ducation

LancĂ© en septembre 2013, la 5eme Ă©dtion du prix Non au harcèlement est organisĂ© par le ministère de l’Éducation nationale avec le soutien de la Mutuelle MAE.

Objectif :

Donner la parole aux jeunes des Ă©coles, collèges, lycĂ©es et structures pĂ©ri et extrascolaires pour qu’ils s'expriment collectivement sur le harcèlement.

Le prix « Non au harcèlement » offre aux Ă©lèves et aux Ă©quipes pĂ©dagogiques et Ă©ducatives l'opportunitĂ© de dĂ©battre en classe de la problĂ©matique du harcèlement et du cyberharcèlement, afin de mieux cerner les enjeux, et ainsi, de prĂ©venir plus efficacement les risques liĂ©s Ă  ces violences.

image générique
 pressmaster - stock.adobe.com

La 5e Ă©dition du prix Non au harcèlement! distingue les affiches et vidĂ©os contre le harcèlement conçues par les Ă©lèves du cycle 3 Ă  la classe de terminale et les personnels des Ă©tablissements scolaires dans le cadre de projets pĂ©dagogiques ou au sein de structures pĂ©ri et extra scolaires.

Objectifs +

Le prix Non au harcèlement a pour objectifs de:

sensibiliser enfants, ados et adultes au harcèlement Ă  l'Ă©cole et le cyber-harcèlement;

  • donner la parole aux enfants et aux jeunes en les rendant acteurs de la prĂ©vention;

  • inciter Ă  la mise en place de projet pĂ©renne dans les Ă©coles, Ă©tablissements et structures concernĂ©es.


  • CrĂ©ation: Affiche/ VidĂ©o
La crĂ©ation d’une affiche ou d’une vidĂ©o, qui servira de support de communication pour le projet qu’ils souhaitent mener dans leur Ă©tablissement scolaire.

  • Participer:
Le prix est ouvert aux Ă©lèves des Ă©coles et Ă©tablissements publics et privĂ©s sous contrat :
  • Ă©coles
  • collèges
  • lycĂ©es d'enseignement gĂ©nĂ©ral et technologique
  • lycĂ©es professionnels
  • lycĂ©es agricoles

Les Ă©lèves concourent en fonction de leur classe et de la catĂ©gorie choisie : vidĂ©o ou affiche. 

crĂ©dits: Michael Meister

La thĂ©matique peut ĂŞtre celle du harcèlement ou du cyberharcèlement dans toutes ses dimensions.

  • CatĂ©gories de prĂ©sentation :
  • Ă©lèves de classes de CE2, CM1, CM2
  • Ă©lèves de 6e et 5e

  • Ă©lèves de 4e et 3e
  • lycĂ©ens

Le concours s'adresse Ă©galement aux structures pĂ©ri et extrascolaires et aux Ă©lus des conseils des enfants et des jeunes des collectivitĂ©s de 8 Ă  18 ans. 

Les candidats doivent obligatoirement concourir en groupe (classe, groupe plus restreint, groupe en structure d'animation avec ou sans hébergement).

crédits: WordPress.com

  • Comment participer?
Les Ă©lèves doivent rĂ©aliser un support de communication qui accompagne le projet de lutte contre le harcèlement qu'ils souhaitent mener dans leur Ă©tablissement

Les participants doivent envoyer leur production ainsi que leur projet au rĂ©fĂ©rent harcèlement de leur acadĂ©mie. 

Support Affiche/ Prix 2017
«Le harcèlement ce n’est pas du cinĂ©ma» 
Ecole Ă©lĂ©mentaire Le Sycomore Ă   Banassac – Canilhac – acadĂ©mie de Montpellier

  • Supports:
Ils peuvent choisir entre deux supports :

  • une affiche : elle doit comporter obligatoirement un Ă©lĂ©ment de texte, de type slogan et ĂŞtre lisible Ă  une distance de 2 Ă  3 mètres;

  • une vidĂ©o d'une durĂ©e maximale de 2 minutes.

Consulter la liste des référents académiques pour l'envoi du projet et télécharger la fiche projet

Harcèlement à l'école

  • Calendrier:

Date limite d'envoie des créations dans les académies:

26 janvier 2018

Autres dates:

  • du 29 janvier 2018 au 12 mars 2018 : sĂ©lection par les jurys acadĂ©miques, et dĂ©but des remises des prix acadĂ©miques, qui peuvent avoir lieu jusqu'Ă  la fin du mois de juin 2018;

  • du 3 avril 2018 au 6 avril 2018 : sĂ©lection par le jury national;

  • du 14 mai 2018 au 18 mai 2018 : remise nationale des prix.

  • Jury:
Un jury acadĂ©mique sĂ©lectionnera le meilleur projet de chaque tranche d'âgechaque catĂ©gorie  pour le jury national et remet Ă©galement un prix "coup de cĹ“ur" pour la thĂ©matique du harcèlement toute catĂ©gorie et âges confondus. 

  • Prix:
Le prix rĂ©compensera les projets collectifs dĂ©nonçant ce phĂ©nomène ou proposant des solutions pour lutter contre le harcèlement entre pairs. 

Pour les 5e-3e et lycéens, deux prix spéciaux seront remis, au niveau national, pour des projets traitant du harcèlement sexiste et sexuel.

Ce prix acadĂ©mique d'un montant de 1000 euros remis par la MAE peut faire partie des nominĂ©s au national. Il peut donc Ă©ventuellement cumuler deux prix. 

Un jury national rĂ©compense un laurĂ©at par tranche d'âge et support

  • Les huit laurĂ©ats nationaux reçoivent chacun un prix de 2 000 euros pour accompagner la mise en Ĺ“uvre de leur projet.
Pour cette Ă©dition, une rubrique "Prix cyber" (Ă  hauteur de 2 000 €) est proposĂ©e Ă  l'ensemble des tranches d'âge. 

Cette création répond aux besoins fortement exprimés par les professionnels, les partenaires et les référents académiques en charge de ces questions. Cela répond également à la nécessité de faire réfléchir les élèves aux impacts d'un usage non contrôlé des nouvelles technologies.

  • Un Prix spĂ©cial est Ă©galement remis par des professionnels de la communication et des medias numĂ©riques. 
Le projet lauréat sera retravaillé par les équipes de Youtube et Rose Carpet afin de servir de support de communication de la campagne de mobilisation contre le harcèlement du ministère en 2018.

  • Règlement du concours, fiche pĂ©dagogique et ressources pour vous aider Ă  construire votre sĂ©quence:
Rendez-vous sur le site eduscol.education.fr pour tĂ©lĂ©charger :
  • le règlement du concours
  • la fiche pĂ©dagogique
  • la liste des rĂ©fĂ©rents harcèlement de votre acadĂ©mie
  • des ressources pour vous aider Ă  construire votre sĂ©quence

Quelques pensées:

Le harcèlement se dĂ©finit comme une violence rĂ©pĂ©tĂ©e qui peut ĂŞtre verbale, physique ou psychologique. Cette violence se retrouve de plus en plus au sein de l’Ă©cole, collège, lycĂ©e. 

Elle est le fait d’un ou de plusieurs Ă©lèves Ă  l’encontre d’une victime qui ne peut se dĂ©fendre.
Lorsque un enfant est insultĂ©, menacĂ©, battu, bousculĂ© ou reçoit des messages (textos ou cyber) injurieux Ă  rĂ©pĂ©tition, on parle donc de harcèlement.

Il y a 3 caractĂ©ristiques du harcèlement en milieu scolaire :

La violence : c’est un rapport de force et de domination entre un ou plusieurs Ă©lèves et une ou plusieurs victimes.
La rĂ©pĂ©titivitĂ© : il s’agit d’agressions qui se rĂ©pètent rĂ©gulièrement durant une longue pĂ©riode.
L’isolement de la victime : la victime est souvent isolĂ©e, plus petite, faible physiquement, et dans l’incapacitĂ© de se dĂ©fendre.

  • Outils pĂ©dagogiques enseignants/ parents/ victimes

L'école m'a tué
Le harcèlement à l'école
film, 2015
Les consĂ©quences du harcèlement scolaire sont toujours dĂ©vastatrices et peuvent conduire dans les cas les plus graves au suicide des victimes. 

En janvier dernier, Emilie, 17 ans, s’est donnĂ© la mort en se dĂ©fenestrant. Pendant deux ans, elle avait Ă©tĂ© harcelĂ©e dans son collège. Pour inciter Ă  la prise de conscience, ses parents ont publiĂ© son journal intime oĂą elle racontait son calvaire. 

Christopher, 16 ans, s’est pendu en avril après avoir publiĂ© une photo sur Instagram accompagnĂ©e de la lĂ©gende : "Ă€ tous ceux qui m’ont fait du mal, vous ne me ferez plus de mal."

Henry-Alex Rubin, 2012

Moi aussi, j'ai Ă©crit Ă  ce propos sur mon billet Disconnect (2014) que je vous conseille vivement de lire et d'en profiter pour prĂ©senter et exploiter en cours - collège/ lycĂ©e - les consĂ©quences du harcèlement Ă  l'Ă©cole.

crédits sur image

Ressources: enseignants/ victimes

Non au Harcèlement

La Croix/ Famille/Éducation


Ne laissez pas de participer avec vos élèves, tous niveaux scolaires. Dites Non au harcèlement et cyberharcèlement scolaire.

"Respecter l'autre, c'est le considérer
en tant qu'être et reconnaître
la souffrance qu'on lui inflige."

M.F. Hirigoyen


Copyright © 2018G-Souto'sBlog, gsouto-digitalteacher.blogspot.com®

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Éducation : Prix Non au Harcèlement ! Ressources  bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.