Monday, June 21, 2021

Escolas : Ensino Secundário0 : Jean-Paul Sarte , escritor, filósofo ! Recursos

 




Jean-Paul Sartre, 1950

Jean-Paul Sartre, o grande filósofo do chamado Existencialisme français, juntamente com Albert Camus, nasceu no dia 21 Junho 1905, em Paris. 

Filósofoescritor e crítico francês, acreditava que os intelectuais têm de desempenhar um papel activo na sociedade. É uma figura de destaque da cultura do século XX. Sem esquecer Albert Camus e Simone de Beauvoir.



Google Doodle 150º Aniversário Jean-Paul Sartre
2010

  • Google Doodle:

Google não poderia deixar passar o aniversário deste grande pensador. E assim, a homenagem com um Doodle em 2010! Célebre ainda por ter recusado o Nobel da Literatura em 1964 que lhe foi conferido:

"for his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age".

Nobel Prize





« Je ne connais qu’une Eglise : c’est la société des hommes »

Jean-Paul Sartre

Ensino

Como se pode constatar, não foi apenas José Saramago que foi polémico no que concerne o Nobel da Literatura. E já muito recentemente, Bob Dylan.

Só que na época de Sartre, a mediatização não se fazia à velocidade actual. Os media estavam longe de ser o que são hoje.

Não vou tecer muitas considerações sobre o autor dado que é bem conhecido de todos nós. 

Os professores farão passar a mensagem e os ensinamentos aos seus alunos como bem lhe aprouver, segundo o nível turma/ aprendizagem do Ensino Secundário.

Sem esquecer, claramente Albert Camus e Simone de Beauvoir.

Morreu em 15 Abril 1989. A sua morte, deu ocasião a um est l'occasion imenso desfile popular em Paris, só possível de rivalizar com  Victor Hugo.





L'Existentialisme est un Humanism, 
Jean-Paul Sartre, 1946
Nagel


"C'est le monde entier que je veux posséder".

Jean-Paul Sartre, 1940

A sua vida de intelectual engagé suscitou também muita controvérsia e constrangimentos. Ficou conhecido  pela sua extensa obra, nomeadamente pelos paradigmas filosóficos que se reagrupam sob o nome de Existencialismo, nova corrente filosófica, e pelo seu empenhamento político. Fez parte da Résistance

Segundo Sartre "l'existence de l'homme précède son essence, lui laissant la liberté et la responsabilité de ses choix."

« En fait, nous sommes une liberté qui choisit mais nous ne choisissons pas d'être libres : nous sommes condamnés à la liberté. »

Sartre, L' Être et le Néant

Tinha um gosto muito especial pela leitura que exprime, mais tarde, no livro Les Mots et autres écrits autobiographiques (1964).





Les Mots et autres écrits autobiographiques
Jean-Paul Sartre, 1964

"C'est un chef-d'œuvre, peut-être le chef-d'œuvre de l'autobiographie au XXe siècle, et son auteur ne lui donnera jamais de suite."

Les Mots é o único livro publicado em vida de Sartre que se enquadra no âmbito da autobiografia, e até mesmo sua pertença ao género tem sido debatida: as categorias são sempre muito estreitas para textos extensos.





Qu'est-ce que la littérature, 1948
Jean-Paul Sartre

"Écriture et lecture sont les deux faces d'un même fait d'histoire et la liberté à laquelle l'écrivain nous convie, ce n'est pas une pure conscience abstraite d'être libre."

Jean-Paul Sartre, Qu'est-ce que c'est la littérature

Ressalto a obra "Qu'est-ce que c'est la littérature" (1948), um ensaio manifesto da sua concepção da literatura 'engagée' que será muito iinteressante para apoio das aulas de Literatura.

La Nausée (1938) Le Mur (1939) revelam o romancista de grande talento. E tantas outras obras que poderão ou não ser seleccionadas, segundo os currículos a leccionar.

Intransigente e fiel a si próprio e às suas ideias, recusou toda e qualquer honra, como a Légion d'Honneur em 1945. 

Jean-Paul Sartre foi laureado com o Prémio Nobel da Literatura em 1964 mas recusou-o, tornando-se assim a primeira personalidade a declinar o prémio. 

Segundo ele, estas honrarias teriam entravado a sua liberdade, fazendo de si uma instituição.




Jean-Paul Sartre
credits: Reginald Gray/ New York Times

É sem dúvida uma das personalidades francesas incontornáveis do séc. XX, dada a versatilidade da prolífera obra, tanto filosófica como literária, bem como o seu engagement político. Marcou definitivamente a viragem do pensamento ocidental.

Um autor fundamental nos currículos académicos de Literatura Francesa/ Portuguesa e Filosofia.





Simone de Beauvoir e Jean-Paul Sarte

  • Sartre & Beauvoir:

Foi na Ecole Normale Supérieure, quando preparava a sua licenciatura em Filosofia, que Jean-Paul Sartre conheceu Simone de Beauvoir, professora, com quem partilhou a sua vida, convicções e obra, embora sempre em relação aberta, assumida pelos dois.






Mai 1968 foi um importante momento político no mundo, em especial na França. Sartre e Beauvoir saíram para as ruas para protestar junto aos estudantes universitários e outros intelectuais.





Simone de Beauvoir e Jean-Paul Sarte

Ainda hoje se debate se a escritora Simone de Beauvoir teria sido feliz ao lado de Sartre. Mas os afectos que a uniam a essa personalidade, calou alguns dos seus verdadeiros anseios, segundo estudiosos da escritora. Mas isso poderá ser estudado em On Parle de Simone de Beauvoir: Livres & Idées.

  • Recursos: Exposição Virtual

Patente no sítio web da Bibliothèque nationale de France uma Exposição Virtual a explorar com os estudantes, dedicada a Sartre. 








"Durant le XXe siècle, Jean-Paul Sartre a été, selon le mot de François Mauriac, le contemporain capital, celui que l'on rencontre à tous les carrefours de la culture."

BnFrance




Carnet de la drôle de guerre
septembre/octobre 1939
BNF, Manuscrit Sartre

"Sartre présente cet exemple unique d'un homme qui a construit à la fois une grande œuvre littéraire et une grande œuvre philosophique, à partir de son existence personnelle et sous le signe de la liberté."


BnFrance

  • Línguas:

Exposição virtual Sartre disponível na BnFrance : Francês/ Inglês.


Podcasts: Jean-Paul Sartre

France Culture disponibliza vários podcasts sobre Jean-Paul Sartre e as suas ideias, suas vivências.

Excelentes recursos pedagógicos a explorar  com os vossos alunos.






Les Mouches
Jean-Paul Sartre, 1943
Teatro/ Peça em 3 Actos

  • Géneros literários:
Sartre praticou quase todos os géneros literários: ficção, filosofia, teatro,  biografia, autobiografia, ensaios, jornal e cadernos, jornalismo, correspondência.

Engajou-se com força e  convicção em todos os grandes debates do seu tempo.


G-Souto

Fragmentos Culturais

21.06.2021
Copyright © 2021G-Souto'sBlog, gsouto-digitalteacher.blogspot.com®


Escolas : Ensino Secundário : Jean-Paul Sartre , escritor, filósofo ! bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Thursday, June 17, 2021

Concours International : Zéro Cliché pour l'égalité filles - garçons ! Palmarès 2021 !

 






Le concours #ZéroCliché proposa aux étudiants de langue française d’aborder la question des stéréotypes sexistes #ÉgalitéFilleGarçon.
Il s'agissait de réaliser une production médiatique (textuelle, visuelle, sonore ou vidéo).


🗓




Zéro Cliché

Égalité filles -garçons

https://www.clemi.fr/

Le concours Zéro Cliché pour l'égalité filles-garçons, initié par le CLEMI a invité les écoliers, collégiens et lycéens à déconstruire les stéréotypes sexistes dans les médias, le sport, la mode, l’école, la famille…

Les inscriptions ont terminé le 9 avril 2021.

  • Critères de séléction:

Plusieurs formats médiathiques ont été acceptés :

  • Texte comprenant un titre, un chapô, une signature (prénom.s, nom.s de l’auteur, niveau de la classe, nom de l’établissement, ville).
  • Dessin de presse
  • Affiche
  • Audio et vidéo : privilégiez les formats courts


  • Palmarès 2021:


#ZéroCliché, le concours qui allie déconstruction des stéréotypes sexistes et éducation aux médias, a dévoilé son palmarès 2021 ! 

Cette 9e édition, 100% numérique, a enregistré une participation record avec près de 700 productions médiatiques reçues et plus de 6 000 élèves mobilisés. 

27 productions ont été présélectionnées. Elles ont ensuite été évaluées et commentées par les 22 membres du jury, regroupant journalistes, professionnels de l’éducation, représentants d’institutions et d’associations.


Le jury a décerné 4 grand prix :

  • Prix dans la catégorie "école":




École du Groupe Scolaire Gustave Stoskopf à Strasbourg (Académie de Strasbourg), 16 élèves de CM1 pour la vidéo « Prends ma place ! »

"Tout simplement génial ! Le mode inversé toujours aussi efficace. Bravo pour l'implication des élèves, les mini-reportages et les acteurs-trices. Un gros travail et un rendu très chouette."


  • Prix dans la catégorie "collège":

Collège Condorcet à Dourdan (Académie de Versailles) , 13 élèves de 4e pour le podcast "Les 4e SEGPA parlent du sexisme !"



"Une production très intéressante et très parlante pour les collégiens d'aujourd'hui puisque les élèves abordent des sujets qu'ils leur parlent."

  • Prix dans la catégorie "lycée":

Lycée privée Notre Dame à Pamiers (académie de Toulouse), 3 élèves de 1ère pour la vidéo "Are You ready for a new society".


À regarder ici


"Vidéo intéressante qui retrace très bien l'existence des stéréotypes mais aussi leur inscription dans de nombreux domaines du quotidien. Le tout en anglais ! Bravo !"


  • Prix dans la catégorie "Mention Spéciale"

Collège Chantenay à Nantes (Académie de Nantes), 5 élèves de 4ème pour le podcast « Les colleuxses de Nantes »


Lien direct vers le podcast


"Très clair, bien argumenté, bien illustré, des faits, des interpellations, des chiffres. Du journalisme en somme !"

  • Coups de Coeur 

Lien vers les Coups de coeur


Intéressants projets à faire connaître à vos étudiants.


Bravo à toutes et à tous étudiants.es et enseignants.es !


G-Souto


27.02.2021
Copyright © 2021G-Souto'sBlog, gsouto-digitalteacher.blogspot.com®




Éducation : Concours International : Zéro Cliché pour l'égalité filles-garçons ! À vos plumes ! Vite ! bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

sources: Clemi.fr


Sunday, June 13, 2021

Schools : Women in Art : Portuguese painter Aurélia de Sousa : Resources

 



Aurélia de Sousa, 'Laço Preto'/ Black Bow, self-portrait,1895
José Caiado de Souza Collection

Aurélia de Sousa born Maria Aurélia Martins de Souza on 13 June 1866, em Valparaiso, Chile. Portuguese-chilean painter, moved later to Porto, Portugal where she lived until her death.

She lived at Quinta da China an eighteenth century house on the banks of Douro River which wood become the setting and studio for her paintings.





Aurélia de Sousa photographed beyonf her self-portrait "Laço Negro"
photographer: Aurélio da Paz dos Reis, 1895 

At the age of sixteen she began taking lessons with António da Costa Lima and painted her first self-portrait. In 1893 she began studies at the Fine-Arts Academy of Porto, where she was a pupil of João Marques de Oliveira, who greatly influenced her style.

In 1898, she moved to Paris to study painting at the Julian Academy, taking courses with Jean-Paul Laurens and Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant. She held her first exhibition, then traveled in Europe in the next three years, before finally returning to Portugal in 1901, where she worked as an illustrator and participated regularly in Porto's art scene, exhibiting at the Sociedade de Belas-Artes do Porto, in the Galeria da Misericórdia, and annually in the Sociedade Nacional de Belas-Artes, in Lisbon.






Google Doodle Aurélia de Sousa 155th Birthday

Google Doodle:

Today’s Doodle celebrates the 155th birthday of Portuguese artist Aurélia de Souza, one of the few women whose work was exhibited in galleries alongside Portugal’s great 19th century painters. Infused with strokes of realist and impressionist influences, de Souza’s naturalist paintings served as windows into daily Portuguese life through landscapes of her journeys and her personal favorite genre: self- and family portraits.

On this day in 1866, Maria Aurélia de Souza was born to Portuguese immigrants in Valparaíso, Chile. Her family returned to their homeland after acquiring a farm along the Douro river near Porto, Portugal. It was on these idyllic banks that de Souza began to paint and draw at the age of 16. After only three years, she painted her first self-portrait—an art form that became her hallmark.

"De Souza’s paintings were regularly featured at her alma mater, just one of the many prestigious Portuguese galleries that championed her work. In addition to her lifelong work as a painter, de Souza also illustrated for Portuguese magazines and the 1913 short story entitled “Perfis Suaves” (“Smooth Profiles”). "

Google




Familiar scene/ Cena familiar
Aurélia de Sousa, 1911

The circumstances of being a woman at the turn of 20th century and within the society of Porto where she lived or Paris where she joined the Académie Julian at the age of 30 are key to understanding the Souza's work, the signifiance of which was recognized rather belatedly by Portuguese art historians.

 



Aurélia de Souza and her sister Sofia de Souza, Porto, 1895


In 1893, de Souza further refined her talent in the Portuguese tradition as a student of the Porto Academy of Fine Arts. De Souza moved to Paris in 1899, where she expanded her palette as an apprentice of several French masters.
 








Her painting was of a personal and naturalist style, at times with realismimpressionism and post-impressionism influences. 

Her subjects included portraitslandscapes, and scenes of everyday life. She is most famous for her "Self-Portrait", painted in 1900.





Aurélia de Sousa, self-portrait, 1900

Souza enigmatic, androgynous and provocative self-portraits in which she depicts herself wearing a distinctive red coat or outsize black bow or disguised in St Anthony, are a historical example of a female artist asserting her identity as a creator.

"Aurélia de Sousa’s iconic self-portrait, painted in 1900, is the starting point for a reflection about a context of creation that, for centuries, was almost exclusively dominated by men."

Museum Gulbenkian, All i Want





Aurélia de Sousa, self-portrait, 1900
Museu Soares dos Reis, Porto, Portugal

After one year in her new home, she captured herself dressed wearing a red-coat in the oil painting “Self-Portrait,” a work widely regarded as her most famous. She continued to draw influence from the international arts in the years that followed, traveling across Europe before returning to Portugal in 1902.

A inclusão deste quadro na exposição Soleil et Ombres, l’Art Portugais du XIXème, que José-Augusto França organizou em Paris, em 1987, “é o início de um novo reconhecimento de Aurélia de Sousa, que a partir daí nunca mais parou”.




At studio,1916
Aurélia de Sousa

In 2016, the exhibition Aurélia de Sousa: Mulher Artista Dividida celebrated 150 years of a great name in Portuguese art, the woman and artist Aurélia de Sousa, author of hundreds of paintings, many of them inaccessible to the public, and a huge collection of photographs, almost all of them still to be studied.





Santo António
Aurélia de Sousa,1902

She photographed herself dressed as St Anthony, to depict this painting. 

Her painting was of a personal and naturalist style, at times with RealismImpressionism and post-impressionism influences. Her subjects included portraits, landscapes, and scenes of everyday life. She is most famous for her "Self-Portrait", painted in 1900.





Interior com figura feminina
Aurélia de Sousa

In 1893, de Souza further refined her talent in the Portuguese tradition as a student of the Porto Academy of Fine Arts. De Souza moved to Paris in 1899, where she expanded her palette as an apprentice of several French masters. After one year in her new home, she captured herself dressed wearing a red-coat in the oil painting “Self-Portrait,” a work widely regarded as her most famous. She continued to draw influence from the international arts in the years that followed, traveling across Europe before returning to Portugal in 1902.

She died at her Quinta da China, Porto, on 26 May 1922, at fifty-five years old.

 



Portrait of a grl, 1910


Education:

As I always write, Arts are absolutely necessary to a complete and better education of children and young adolescents.

I was lucky studying Humanities and Arts. All my life has been so full of good moments as a teacher sharing my literary and artistic thoughts and actions on young people's education along the years 
Discovering Arts in school education, some students can pick their inner path on Arts and later they will choose Art colleges and Higher Schools of Arts to develop their aptitude by a real leaning of Arts.
In our days, digital culture was so important and well-come into the the school curriculum as an important tool to tackle the world's toughest problems, as the pandemic times.
We have creating bridges between remote learning and in-person lessons. Different tools not only coexist but value each other for their contributions and potential on education.

Level: All levels. 
  • Focus on Arts (Vocational Education) ; School of Arts (Higher Education).
  • Secondary education: cross-curricular Arts and other school subjects.

Curricula: Arts ; Literature ; Design ; Digital Arts.


Resources: English and Portuguese

Google Arts & Culture : Aurélia de Sousa

Museum Gulbenkian: All I Want


Museu Gulbenkian: Tudo o que Eu Quero


"I would like to show the world today as an artist sees it and tomorrow as the moon sees it."

Hannah Höch, painter

G-Souto

13.06.2021
Copyright © 2021G-Souto'sBlog, gsouto-digitalteacher.blogspot.com®




Schools : Women in Art : Aurélia de Sousa, the Portuguese painter : Resources  bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Sources: Google Arts & Culture/ Wikipedia/ Museum Gulbenkian