Monday, July 4, 2016

Education : The 4th July : resources

4th of July Independence Day
credits: Jim Hunt

The Continental Congress approved the final wording of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. They'd been working on it for a couple of days after the draft was submitted on July 2nd and finally agreed on all of the edits and changes.

July 4, 1776, became the date that was included on the Declaration of Independence, and the fancy handwritten copy that was signed in August (the copy now displayed at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.) 

It’s also the date that was printed on the Dunlap Broadsides, the original printed copies of the Declaration that were circulated throughout the new nation. So when people thought of the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 was the date they remembered.

Google Doodle : 4th of July 2021

  • Google Doodle 2021:

Yes, today is the Fourth of July! Google is celebrating the great day with a nice Doodle.

Congress is now in session—but a different one than you might think! Did you know? A “congress” refers to a group of bald eagles, the national bird of the United States. 

These parading pals have swooped into today’s Doodle to celebrate the Fourth of July, also known as Independence Day. On this day in 1776, the adoption of the Declaration of Independence proclaimed the sovereignty of the United States. 

Thomas Jefferson
Painting by Rembrandt Peale, 1800

  • History of the 4 of July:

For the first 15 or 20 years after the Declaration was written, people didn’t celebrate it much on any date. It was too new and too much else was happening in the young nation. 

By the 1790s, a time of bitter partisan conflicts, the Declaration had become controversial. One party, the Democratic-Republicans, admired Jefferson and the Declaration. But the other party, the Federalists, thought the Declaration was too French and too anti-British, which went against their current policies.

The 4th July
painted by A. M. Willard 

By 1817, John Adams complained in a letter that America seemed uninterested in its past. But that would soon change.

Variously known as the Fourth of July and Independence Day, July 4th has been a federal holiday in the United States since 1941, but the tradition of Independence Day celebrations goes back to the 18th century and the American Revolution (1775-83).

Resources: videos

  • History of the Fourth of July:
Discover how and when Americans celebrated Independence Day in the past. Although Benjamin Franklin thought we'd celebrate the 2nd of July; the 4th of July is closest to our hearts. Video here

Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, 
the declaration of independence
History channel

  • Bet You Didn't Know: Independence Day:
Did you know New York City has the biggest fireworks display in the United States and that three U.S. presidents died on July 4? Video here

credits: Hulton Archive/Getty Images/ 1800s

  • Other resources: Infographics

The 4th of July by the Numbers:

infographics: the 4th of July by the Numbers
credits: History

For more information, visit This Day in History.

Myths and facts: visit Columbian College of Arts & Science History

The 4th of July
credits: Mick Licht


Celebrate America’s 245th anniversary by exploring all the resources that you can select and include into your lessons to talk about this country that was discovered by maritime explorer Christopher Columbus.

Curricula: Cross-curricular History, Geography, Languages, Astronomy, Science, Music, Sports.

Level: All levels

credits: unknown

Teachers will adapt the resources and their lesson plan to the level/age of students they are teaching.

This Independence Day, many Americans are celebrating much more than the 13 colonies' split from Great Britain. This Fourth of July also marks something of a return to normal after the Covid-19 pandemic forced most plans to be canceled, or at least adjusted, a year ago.

4th of July
credits: Getty Images/ iStockphoto
via US Today

While the pandemic is not over, the United States is in a better spot to celebrate compared to last July 4 now that more than half the country's adult population is fully vaccinated against the virus.
However, avoid gatherings. Don't share food and drink. And above all, "Celebrate responsibly!"

  • County Sheriff 

It's a different kind of joy than hugging friends and family or seeing colors explode in the sky right above us, but American families will take any reason to be happy right now. Even they will watch fireworks on TV.

So, keep safe! Be informed. Know your risk. Celebrate responsibly!



update 4.07.2021
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Education : The 4th July : resources bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


credits videos: History | Office Holidays


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