Monday, July 4, 2016

Education : The 4th July : resources & apps

4 of July US

The Continental Congress approved the final wording of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. They'd been working on it for a couple of days after the draft was submitted on July 2nd and finally agreed on all of the edits and changes.

July 4, 1776, became the date that was included on the Declaration of Independence, and the fancy handwritten copy that was signed in August (the copy now displayed at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.) 

It’s also the date that was printed on the Dunlap Broadsides, the original printed copies of the Declaration that were circulated throughout the new nation. So when people thought of the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 was the date they remembered.

Google Doodle : Happy 4th July

  • Google Doodle:

Yes, today is the Fourth of July! Google is celebrating the great day with a charming Doodle.

The Doodle celebrates America’s 240th anniversary by depicting the flag’s stars participating in classic American pastimes - baseball, grilling, surfing, marching bands, and more.

Thomas Jefferson
Painting by Rembrandt Peale, 1800

  • History of the 4 of July:

For the first 15 or 20 years after the Declaration was written, people didn’t celebrate it much on any date. It was too new and too much else was happening in the young nation. 

By the 1790s, a time of bitter partisan conflicts, the Declaration had become controversial. One party, the Democratic-Republicans, admired Jefferson and the Declaration. But the other party, the Federalists, thought the Declaration was too French and too anti-British, which went against their current policies.

The 4th July
Credit: Wiki Commons
via Wikipedia 

By 1817, John Adams complained in a letter that America seemed uninterested in its past. But that would soon change.

Variously known as the Fourth of July and Independence Day, July 4th has been a federal holiday in the United States since 1941, but the tradition of Independence Day celebrations goes back to the 18th century and the American Revolution (1775-83).

Resources: videos

  • History of the Fourth of July:
Discover how and when Americans celebrated Independence Day in the past. Although Benjamin Franklin thought we'd celebrate the 2nd of July; the 4th of July is closest to our hearts. Video here

Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, 
the declaration of independence
History channel

  • Bet You Didn't Know: Independence Day:
Did you know New York City has the biggest fireworks display in the United States and that three U.S. presidents died on July 4? Video here

credits: Hulton Archive/Getty Images/ 1800s

Other resources: Infographics

The 4th of July by the Numbers:

infographics: the 4th of July by the Numbers
credits: History

For more information, visit This Day in History.

Myths and facts: visit Columbian College Arts & Science History

The 4th of July
credits: Mick Licht


Celebrate America’s 240th anniversary by exploring all the resources that you can select and include into your lessons to talk about this country that was discovered by maritime explorer Columbus.

Curricula: Cross-curricular History Geography, Astronomy, Science, traditions, music, sports.

Level: All levels

Teachers will adapt the ressources and their lesson plan to the level of students they are teaching.

Speaking about Astronomy, here something important:

credits: NASA

It's Juno final approach at Jupiter! The patriotic arrival date is a happy coincidence, according to the project’s principal investigator, Scott Bolton, who directs the space sciences department at the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Texas.

“We did not actually select July 4,” Bolton told during a June interview.  “Celestial mechanics selected it.”
On July 4, at 8:18 p.m. PDT, Juno will fire its main engine, beginning a 35-minute burn that will place it into orbit around Jupiter.

After a journey of more than 5 years, the Juno spacecraft is ready for its detailed look at Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system. 
Traveling 1.8 billion miles over five years, NASA's Juno spacecraft has almost reached Jupiter. 
Juno will be the first spacecraft in more than a decade to orbit the planet.


If you are lucky and you're still at school, or you are a passionate student in science, don't loose this big opportunity.
Tell you students (if you are a teacher) or just download the app (if you are a student) to explore this awesome educational digital resource. The app Eyes on Juno.

Eyes on Juno
Artist concept of Juno near Jupiter
Using Eyes on the Solar System and simulated data from the Juno flight team you can ride onboard the spacecraft using the app Eyes on Juno on your Mac or PC
You can ride along with the Juno spacecraft in real-time at any time during the entire mission.

In this interactive visualization: app

  • Watch the arrival at Jupiter on the 4th of July, 2016;
  • See Juno use Earth’s gravity as a slingshot to pick up speed;
  • Learn about the science of Jupiter and about the spacecraft itself. 
  • Or turn on and off the magnetic field, aurorae, and the radiation belt, all in 3D! 

Other resources:

Juno: Mission to Jupiter 360 Video (Narrated)

"Science is fun. Science is curiosity. We all have natural curiosity. Science is a process of investigating. It's posing questions and coming up with a method. It's delving in."

Sally Ride,  physicist and astronaut,  first American woman in space in 1983
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Education : The 4th July & Eyes on Juno : resources & apps bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


credits videos: History | NASA

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