credits: Getty Images
Today, 2 January, we are celebration the Science Fiction Day. The genre was invented by a teenager girl, Mary Shelley, who began Frankenstein in 1816, when she was 20 years old. Wo! She was in advance for her time.
Some biographic notes:
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, née Godwin on 30 August 1797 in London, England was an English writer. Mary Shelley is best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus (1818). She was married to Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (1816).
Frankenstein/ The Modern Prometheus
Two years later, she published her most famous novel, Frankenstein, as a new novel from an anonymous author.
She also was a short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer.
She wrote several other books, including Valperga (1823), The Last Man (1826), the autobiographical Lodore (1835) and the posthumously published Mathilde.
Mary Shelley's works often argue that cooperation and sympathy, particularly as practised by women in the family, were the ways to reform civil society. This view was a direct challenge to the individualistic Romantic ethos promoted by Percy Shelley, her husband, and the Siècle des Lumières political theories articulated by her father, William Godwin, philosopher.
Shelley died of brain cancer on February 1, 1851, in London, England.
Mary Shelley employed the techniques of many different novelistic genres, most vividly the Godwinian novel, Walter Scott's new historical novel, and the Gothic novel.
Things as they Are/ Adventures
1st edition, 1794
"In The Last Man, she uses the philosophical form of the Godwinian novel to demonstrate the ultimate meaninglessness of the world.[ While earlier Godwinian novels had shown how rational individuals could slowly improve society, The Last Man and Frankenstein demonstrate the individual's lack of control over history."
credits: art by Pablo Marcos
Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is a Gothic novel that tells "the story of Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a grotesque but sapient creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment."
Shelley started writing the story when she was 18, and the first edition of the novel was published anonymously in London on 1 January 1818, when she was 20. Her name first appeared on the second edition, published in France in 1823.
"As a child, I scribbled; and my favourite pastime, during the hours given me for recreation, was to 'write stories.'"
It was a century after her passing that one of her novels, Mathilda, was finally released in the 1950s.
Her lasting legacy, however, remains the classic gothic tale of Frankenstein. This struggle between a monster and its creator has been an enduring part of popular culture.
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
Kenneth Branagh, 1994
In 1994, Kenneth Branagh directed and starred in a film adaptation of Shelley's novel, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.
Her work has also inspired some spoofs, such as Young Frankenstein starring Gene Wilder. Shelley's monster lives on in such modern thrillers as I, Frankenstein (2014) as well.
credits: David Keen's illustration for Asimov's Liar
National Science Fiction Day is celebrated annually on January 2nd by millions of science fiction fans across the United States.
Alex Proyas, 2004
The Big Book of Science Fiction
Ann and Jeff Vandermeer
"Quite possibly the greatest science fiction collection of all time - past, present, and future!"
Including different science fiction authors and themes.
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