Google Doodle 127th anniversary
Doodler: Mark Holmes
Once again Google the search engine and its doodler team is honoring women in Arts. The last one was the Brazilian Lygia Clark on the 23 October 2015. And I can't forget the French Niki de Saint Phalle on the 29 October 2014.
Today, 19 January 2016 the Swiss artist Sophie Taeuber-Arp, one of the foremost figures in the rebellious Dada art movement, has had her 127th birthday honoured with a Google Doodle.
Born in Davos, Switzerland in 1889 as Sophie Henriette Gertrude Taeuber, Taeuber-Arp is now recognised as one of the key figures in the Dada artistic movement, though in her lifetime she fought for her less figurative style of art to be recognised as fine art.
Born in Davos, Switzerland, Taeuber-Arp left home at eighteen to study textile design in Munich. Returning to Zurich in 1915, she began to produce non-representational paintings, which she referred to as “concrete” paintings. The paintings were influenced by her training in textile design, as well as Cubism.
From 1916–1928, Taeuber-Arp taught textile design at the Zurich School of Arts and Crafts. Taeuber-Arp was active in Zurich’s Dada group between 1916 and 1919; she danced in avant-garde performances at the Cabaret Voltaire, an important center of Dada activity.
Sophie Taeuber-Arp & Jean Arp
At the same time, she met Jean Arp, French sculptor, painter and collagist in 1922. The pair famously created vast, abstract multimedia works under the umbrella Duo Collages.
After World War I, many of Taeuber-Arp’s friends and colleagues moved to Paris. She continued teaching in Zurich until 1928 when she and Jean Arp moved to Meudon, near Paris. Together with her husband and artist Theo van Doesburg, Taeuber-Arp received a commission to design the interior Café de l’Aubette (destroyed and rediscovered), one of the first modernist spaces to unify form and function, in Strasbourg, France.
Strasbourg Ciné Bal de l'Aubette
The café commission marked the beginning of the most productive period in the artist’s life. She joined several artists’ organizations, edited and wrote for radical publications, and exhibited her work throughout Europe.
Arp was a friend of the celebrated Surrealist Max Ernst, and is considered a founder member of the anarchic Dada movement, which celebrated the avant-garde, conceptual approach to creating art, often resulting in unorthodox materials appearing in abstract, unusual compositions.
Taeuber-Arp on the 50 Swiss Francs note
Taeuber-Arp and her husband fled to southern France when the Nazis invaded Paris. In late 1942, they returned to Zurich, where she died in 1943, the 12 January.
Cabaret Voltaire, Zurich
Tristan Tzara, the poet