Thursday, November 9, 2017

Schools : History of Europe : Fall Berlin Wall

People atop the Berlin Wall near the Brandenburg Gate on 9 November 1989 
by Sue Ream, CC BY-SA

Berlin Wall fell o this day in 1989. The wall stretched for 155km through Berlin but today only about three kilometres of it still stands. Within a year of its collapse, Germany - divided after World War Two - was reunited.

Today, the 9 November free Berlin and free world is celebrating the 27th anniversary of the Fall Berlin Wall. Google published a video doodle commemorating the Anniversary of the Fall of Berlin Wall and its pieces around the world in 2014:

Some history facts for young students:

9 November 2017 will mark the 27th anniversary of the fall Berlin Wall. To honor this major anniversary, a series of special events and museum exhibitions were planned to take place throughout the city, focusing on the division of Germany and Berlin, the Cold War, and the peaceful revolution leading to reunification.

II War
source images: Wikipedia

As World War II came to an end in 1945, a pair of Allied peace conferences at Yalta and Potsdam determined the fate of Germany’s territories. 

They split the defeated nation into four “allied occupation zones”: The eastern part of the country went to the Soviet Union, while the western part went to the United States, Great Britain and (eventually) France.

After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958. For the next three years, the Soviets, emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west (nearly 3 million since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers), blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted.

Berlin East & West
credits: DPA

On August 12 Premier Khrushchev gave the East German government permission to stop the flow of emigrants by closing its border for good. 
In just two weeks, the East German Army, police force and volunteer construction workers had complete a makeshift barbed wire and concrete block wall - the Berlin Wall - that divided one side of the city form other.

For 30 years, the Berlin Wall was the defining symbol of the Cold War, separating families and keeping the people from jobs and opportunity in the west.

Fall Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall went up in the early hours of August 13, 1961, and was constantly modified and reinforced until it fell 28 years later, having cost the lives of at least 136 people who tried to cross it.

Children at the Berlin Wall on Sebastianstrasse, Berlin - Kreuzberg
around 1964
credits: Getty Images

2017 marks the 27th anniversary of fall Berlin Wall. It would be interesting if teachers talk about the event, motivating students to understand the reason of the Berlin Wall and its fall 27 years.

The celebration could be a creative cross-curricular project to include into different curricula and presenting at school library.

On Twitter, Facebook and other social networking students may invite a German school to a cultural exchange project. 

Later, the exchange school project can be published on Instagram (schools account).

Targets : All levels 

Teachers will adapt activities and sources to the level they are teaching.

Curriculum : History ; Geography ; Languages, Arts & Multimedia

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History/ Berlin Wall

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